Tiny Planet Effect Photoshop Tutorial

Hello everyone this is Chris from Spoon Graphics back with another video tutorial for Adobe Photoshop Today we're going to have some fun creating a mini-world effect, which is a classic Photoshop tutorial subject, but this kind of effect has come back into the limelight with new 3D cameras now being used to produce video footage in the same style

I'll be covering the process of making the effect with a static image by manipulating it in Photoshop, but as an extra touch, I'll show you how to superimpose an additional picture of a person to simulate the appearance of those 3D videos like the GoPro Fusion You'll need a wide panorama image to use for the mini world effect This could be a shot you've stitched from individual shots, a photo captured using the pano mode on your iPhone, or a stick photo like I'll be using This is a New York skyline by Songquan Deng from Shutterstock This particular image has a load of people relaxing on the grassy foreground area

To clean this area up to leave an empty surface for the superimposed person later, set up the Clone Stamp tool with a small brush and set the options to All Layers, then add a new layer Alt and click to set a source point, then paint over the people to erase them The clone stamping doesn't have to be too accurate or neat, since this area will be quite small once it's transformed into a mini-world When you're done, merge the clone layer into the background using the CMD+E shortcut To create the mini-world effect, go to Image > Image Size

Deselect the link between the width and height so you can alter the proportions Change the width to the same figure as the height, which in this case is 2000px Hit OK to see the image has been squashed into a square Next go to Image > Image rotation > 180 degrees to turn it upside down And to create the mini-world effect, go to Filter > Distort > Polar Coordinates with the Rectangular to Polar option checked

Unless you're using a full 360 degree panorama that starts and ends in the same place, you'll see a vertical seam running up the centre In this tutorial we'll be covering up the middle area with a superimposed person, but the sky needs a bit of manipulation to smooth out the harsh line Use the Spot Healing Brush with a soft tip to paint over the seam and allow Photoshop to automatically blend it the best it can Fine tune it with some manual Clone Stamping by sampling an empty portion of the blue sky to blend the colours in with soft brush Other areas that have some distortion are the four corners where the image is stretched outwards

Use the brush tool and sample a nearby colour of the sky to paint over these areas on a new layer To enhance the tiny scale of this mini-world effect we can superimpose a super-size person Find a portrait that has been taking from above where the person is looking up to the camera The image I'm using is by Sanneberg on Shutterstock There's a variety of clipping methods you can use to cut out a subject from a photo

With clean studio shots like this, the channels method gives the best results Switch to the Channels tab and toggle through the Red, Green and Blue channels to find the one with the highest contrast Drag that channel over the new icon to duplicate it Start intensifying the contrast by clipping the shadows and highlights in the Levels window using the CMD+L shortcut To darken the other areas of the subject without worrying about losing the outline against the white background, use the Burn tool to target just the midtones

This allows you to black out the outline of the subject without having to carefully trace around the edge Likewise, you can use the Dodge tool to boost any Highlights to make any areas you don't want in the mask white Any areas in the middle can be easily painted over in black once you have the outline sorted There will probably be some leftover areas that just don't have enough contrast against the background, like the white trainers in this shot, that will need to be traced manually using with the brush tool, or the pen tool and filled in with black Make sure this duplicate channel contains just black or white, so you have a silhouette of the subject

The mask will capture the black outline while preserving the really fine details like every strand of hair Hold the CMD key and click the thumbnail of this channel to load its selection Go to Select > Inverse so it just contains the black portion Click the RGB channel to bring back the full colour image, then copy this selection, switch over to the main document and paste in the clipped portrait picture Press CMD+T to Transform and scale down the subject to fit into the mini world

Create a new layer below the person, then CMD and click on the portrait layer to load the selection again Fill this selection with black, then press CMD+D to Deselect Press CMD+T to Transform, then squash, rotate and reposition the black layer to represent the person's shadow Take note of the lighting of the portrait picture and place the shadow in the appropriate direction Change the blending mode to Linear Light, then reduce the Fill amount to match the tone of the shadow to any existing shadows on the grassy area in the original photograph

Add a Gaussian Blue of 1-2 pixels to take the hard edge off this shadow The shadow will likely extend off the edge of the planet, so add a layer mask and paint over the unwanted areas with black using a small brush The lighting of the panorama image doesn't match that of the portrait image because it has been warped around a circle, but we can make some adjustments to help them blend a little better Add a new layer and go to Edit > Fill Choose 50% Gray, then change the blending mode to Overlay

We'll use the Burn tool on this layer to darken portions of the image Doing this on a 50% gray layer gives you some control to revert back, whereas burning the original image is more destructive Darken the bits of the planet in the same area where the shadows fall on the portrait layer Reduce the opacity of the layer to tone down the impact of the burning As a finishing touch, add a new layer at the top of the layer stack and fill it with black using the ALT and Backspace shortcut

Go to Filter > Render > Lens Flare and choose 105 Prime Change the blending mode to Screen to render the black background transparent, then Transform the layer and position the lens flare to represent the sun, placing it where the light source should be to cast shadows in the right direction The final result is a cool mini-world effect that transforms a basic panorama photograph into a fun and cartoon-like planet The addition of a super-sized person also adds to the comical scaling of the effect If you enjoyed this tutorial be sure to give the video a thumbs up

Stick around by subscribing to the channel, or head over to my Spoon Graphics website to see what other tutorials and freebies you can find As always thank you very much for watching, and I'll see you in the next one

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